Sabtu, 6 Disember 2008

Tentang E-learning

Table 3
When, Why, and How to Use Asynchronous vs. Synchronous E-Learning

 

Asynchronous E-Learning

Synchronous E-Learning

When?

n Reflecting on complex issues
n When synchronous meetings cannot be scheduled because of work, family, and other commitments

n Discussing less complex issues
n Getting acquainted
n Planning tasks

Why?

n Students have more time to reflect because the sender does not expect an immediate answer.

n Students become more committed and motivated because a quick response is expected.

How?

n Use asynchronous means such as e-mail, discussion boards, and blogs.

n Use synchronous means such as videoconferencing, instant messaging and chat, and complement with face-to-face meetings.

Examples

n Students expected to reflect individually on course topics may be asked to maintain a blog.
n Students expected to share reflections regarding course topics and critically assess their peers’ ideas may be asked to participate in online discussions on a discussion board.

n Students expected to work in groups may be advised to use instant messaging as support for getting to know each other, exchanging ideas, and planning tasks.
n A teacher who wants to present concepts from the literature in a simplified way might give an online lecture by videoconferencing.



Jadual di atas saya ambil dari artikel Asynchronous and Synchronous E-Learning .  Ia adalah ringkasan dari hasil kajian tentang dua cara belajar secara online iaitu asynchronous, guru dan pelajar berhubung secara online pada waktu yang sama; dan synchronous, guru dan pelajar berhubung secara online bukan pada waktu yang sama. Kajian di atas menunjukkan fungsi kedua-dua cara dan kesimpulan yang dibuat ialah ... cara terbaik untuk pengajian secara online ialah dengan gabungan kedua-dua cara tersebut. 

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